Eclipsing the Mind: The Most Common Mental Health Disorders Today

Statistics about mental health problems are now becoming more increasingly alarming. The

key factors in the apparent rise in mental health cases have not yet been fully determined.

In fact, authorities may have released inaccurate figures since people tend to hide mental

illness or ignore them. This is also the reason why many mental health problems worsen.

Perhaps, the only good news to come out from this is that there are some common mental

health disorders and conditions among the statistics. According to the records of a number

of Washington-based psychiatric hospitals, there are four particularly common strands of

mental health problems that have been recorded.

Depression

Among all the common mental health disorders, depression is stated as being the most

common. Approximately 80% of the population has experienced clinical depression at one

point in their lives. In the early stages, this problem can be alleviated through

counseling. However, the problem lies in the fact that most people tend to see the early

stages of depression as just a negative mood swing. Since it is typically difficult for

most people to detect depression until it has taken full effect, the condition can often go

completely unnoticed. For some people, the physical and mental changes are gradual, which

only makes it harder to detect the problem.

Bi-polar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, as compared with depression, is more difficult to detect. The condition

causes the person’s mood to swing, being manic one moment and depressed in the next. While

this usually fits the stereotype of people with this particular strain of mental health

illness, the reality is that there are periods where the person exhibits a relatively

normal mood. This period of normalcy between the high and low points is often enough for

casual observers to discount the possibility of a person having bi-polar disorder. Often,

casual observers and the patient himself will only note the frequency of the mood swings

and the possibility of a problem much later on. On occasion, a session of psychiatric

counseling mandated by company policy can detect the problem. However, not all companies

have such a system in place.

Schizophrenia

Approximately two million people are suffering from schizophrenia at any given time, which

should be a cause for alarm. The condition is often characterized by the patient hearing

“voices” in their head that no one else can hear, a typical trait of insane people. This

mental health condition has a number of sub-varieties and can effectively disable a

person’s ability to interact with others if left unattended or treated. Schizophrenia can

also sometimes cause other mental health disorders. While there are medications that have

been proven to alleviate the problem, there are still some cases where medication must be

complimented by counseling. Roughly 20% of people who develop the condition never fully

recover and times of great stress and anxiety can sometimes result in a relapse.

Alzheimer’s

Arguably, Alzheimer’s Disease is among the most debilitating mental conditions known to

man. The increasing frequency of the condition has caused alarm since current medications

only help ease the symptoms and not really treat the condition. Usually diagnosed during

the latter years of a person, Alzheimer’s can take an immense toll on one’s life and

relationships. As a debilitating condition, it rapidly takes away the patient’s self-

confidence and ability to physically function in a normal way. In contrast to other mental

health problems, Alzheimer’s is relatively easy to detect if the person is properly

informed. However, as previously mentioned, the disease is difficult to treat with any

level of certainty. Counseling is known to have minimal effects even the mildest of cases.

There is still no psychoactive medication that has shown appreciable effects other than

“delaying the inevitable.”

As these mental health conditions eclipse the human mind, it has become more clear that

more work needs to be done in terms of research and drug development.